“Although heat waves represent a threat to many, including those with ED, and are likely to increase in number, intensity and duration in the future, sensible preparations and precautions, and smart behaviour, can significantly reduce the health risks” – Mike Tipton, Professor of Human & Applied Physiology and a member of our eminent Medical Advisory Board.
Professor Mike Tipton shares some of his top tips on how to help those with Ectodermal Dysplasia stay safe in the summer.
Know the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion;
- Light-headedness, dizziness, fatigue
- Rapid pulse
- Pins and needles in fingers and mouth
- Uncomfortably hot
- Nausea and vomiting
- Visual disturbances
- Hydrate – avoid alcohol or drinks that increase metabolic rate (caffeine), drink water or slushies (phase change from ice to water absorbs a lot of heat).
- Light meals, (little and often), little protein.
- Fan: whole body (cooling) vs. face (comfort). Fan in bedroom.
- Air condition if necessary, maintain hydration levels.
- Move bedroom downstairs if cooler. Keep bedding in coolest part of house.
- Consider trying a “chillow” for comfort at night.
- Lightweight, loose clothing.
- Seek shade.
- Avoid activity in hottest parts of the day.
- Keep house cool – air movement, curtains shut (shutters on outside of windows even better).
- Schedule activity to cool parts of the day.
- Artificial sweat – spray clothing with mist from a garden sprayer (then fan).
- Wet flannels in the fridge/freezer to cool for comfort of hold in hands for cooling (avoid over-cooling the skin).
- Hand immersion in cold water when hot.
- Tepid showers: cool enough to take heat away from the body but maintain skin blood flow. Beneficial before bed.
- Use sunscreen – sunburn
- A physical burning by over-exposure to UV light.
- Treat by applying lotions, liberal fluid intake, rest in the shade.